magistrate

magistrate
A public civil officer, possessing such power-legislative, executive, or judicial-as the government appointing him may ordain. In a narrower sense, an inferior judicial officer, such as a justice of the peace. Shadwick v. City of Tampa, 407 U.S. 345, 348, 92 S.Ct. 2119, 2122, 32 L.Ed.2d 783.
@ U.S. Magistrates
@ U.S. Federal Magistrates
U.S. (Federal) Magistrates
A judicial officer, appointed by judges of federal district courts, having many but not all of the powers of a judge. 28 U.S.C.A. No.No. 631-639. Generally exercising duties formerly performed by U.S. Commissioners, magistrates may be designated to hear a wide variety of motions and other pretrial matters in both criminal and civil cases. With the consent of the parties, they may conduct civil or misdemeanor criminal trials. However, magistrates may not preside over felony trials or over jury selection in felony cases. Gomez v. United States, 109 S.Ct. 2237, 104 L.Ed.2d 923.
See also chief magistrate
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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Synonyms:
(in civil service)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • magistrate — mag·is·trate / ma jə ˌstrāt, strət/ n [Latin magistratus magistracy, magistrate, from magistr magister master, political superior] 1: a civil or judicial official vested with limited judicial powers a family support magistrate a traffic… …   Law dictionary

  • magistrate — ma‧gis‧trate [ˈmædʒstreɪt, strt] noun [countable] LAW someone who judges less serious crimes in a court of law: • The judge overturned a magistrate s decision that the documents should remain confidential. • He filed a suit (= brought a case to …   Financial and business terms

  • magistrate — (n.) late 14c., civil officer in charge of administering laws, from O.Fr. magistrat, from L. magistratus a magistrate, public functionary, originally magisterial rank or office, from magistrare serve as a magistrate, from magister chief, director …   Etymology dictionary

  • magistrate — [maj′istrāt΄, maj′istrit] n. [ME < L magistratus < magister,MASTER] 1. a civil officer empowered to administer the law: the President of the U.S. is sometimes called chief magistrate 2. a minor official with limited judicial powers, as a… …   English World dictionary

  • Magistrate — Mag is*trate, n. [L. magistratus, fr. magister master: cf. F. magistrat. See {Master}.] A person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it. All Christian… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • magistrate — [n] civil officer bailiff, JP, judge, justice, justice of the peace; concept 354 …   New thesaurus

  • magistrate — ► NOUN ▪ a civil officer who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court concerned with minor offences and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones. ORIGIN Latin magistratus administrator , from magister master …   English terms dictionary

  • Magistrate — For the musical group, see Magistrates (band). Magistrate Sir Lyman Poore Duff, a former judge of the Supreme Court of Canada Occupation Names Judge, Justice of the Peace, magistrat …   Wikipedia

  • magistrate — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ examining (BrE), investigating, licensing (BrE) ▪ chief, senior (BrE) ▪ presiding (BrE) ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • magistrate — A judge or justice of an inferior court; a mayor; a justice of the peace. A judge of court, such as a police court, mayor s court, or justice s court, the jurisdiction of which is restricted to the trial of misdemeanors and the conducting of… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Magistrate —    A public civil officer invested with authority. The Hebrew shophetim, or judges, were magistrates having authority in the land (Deut. 1:16, 17). In Judg. 18:7 the word magistrate (A.V.) is rendered in the Revised Version possessing authority …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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